The Canadian Model of Occupational Performance and Engagement (CMOP-E) is a conceptual model created by Polatajko, Townsend and Craik in 2007. This model identifies the primary domains that occupational therapists are interested in when working with patients or clients. The CMOP-E was designed using holistic beliefs and is informed by the principles of client-centredness.
The CMOP-E is made of three components: the environment, the person and the occupation. The person is located at the centre of the model, represented by a triangle. Three performance components make up the person, which are affective, physical and cognitive. Spiritually is at the core of the triangle, which represents the essence of oneself and not religion. The environment is the outer circle of the model and includes physical areas where the person lives and engages in occupations. The environment affects how a person interacts with the world and participates in occupations and is categorized into four components: social, institutional, physical, and cultural. Occupations refer to the activities that people do to occupy time and bring purpose and meaning to life. The inner-circle represents occupations and are classified into three categories, which are leisure, productivity and self-care. Examples of leisure occupations include reading a book or watching a movie. Productivity occupations include working a job or completing household chores. Examples of self-care occupations include bathing or sleeping.
Reference: Polatajko, H.J., Townsend, E.A. & Craik, J. 2007. Canadian Model of Occupational Performance and Engagement (CMOP-E). In Enabling Occupation II: Advancing an Occupational Therapy Vision of Health, Well-being, & Justice through Occupation. E.A. Townsend & H.J. Polatajko, Eds. Ottawa, ON: CAOT Publications ACE. 22-36