Eating disorders are conditions characterized by atypical eating behaviours that negatively impact health, wellbeing and functional ability. The most prevalent eating disorders are bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder and anorexia nervosa. The onset of eating disorders is often multifactorial, arising from personal, social and environmental factors. Treatment and recovery from an eating disorder is often a complex and lengthy process. Occupational therapy interventions may focus on "normalizing" a client's eating routines. For example, this may include travelling to a grocery store to purchase foods to prepare and eat during supervised sessions. Conversely, in group settings with multiple clients, the focus may involve emotion-focused therapy or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) led by a qualified occupational therapist. CBT is widely recognized as an effective treatment strategy to address negative thoughts and beliefs that a person may have about eating, promoting healthy eating behaviours. CBT often involves the following components with clients: Psychoeducation helps to learn the causes of eating disorders, how thoughts affect behaviours, develop coping strategies, etc. Complete a food record that helps clients become more mindful of their eating behaviours. Address and support strategies to overcome "all-or-nothing" cognitive distortions Meal planning to support recovery Living with an eating disorder can negatively impact a person's ability to engage in meaningful occupations and roles. Everyday activities that were once part of a balanced lifestyle, such as socializing with family and friends or working and going to school, could be affected as the disorder continues. Occupational therapists play an essential role in supporting clients to re-establish a healthy and balanced lifestyle. Individuals with eating disorders are encouraged to seek support from trained medical professionals. Reference: Crouch, Rosemary, and Vivyan Alers. Occupational Therapy in Psychiatry and Mental Health. John Wiley & Sons, 2014.