Medication management is often referred to as the instrumental activity of daily living of taking medications as prescribed. Medication management includes many different factors such as filling the prescription at the pharmacy, taking medicine as intended, and maintaining a sufficient supply. Appropriately managing medications can be more challenging for some people if living with physical or cognitive impairments. Occupational therapists can help people manage their medications and address issues with performance in the context of their lives. Occupational therapists assess a client's medication management using various techniques, including interviews, skilled observation, and monitoring aspects of performance. Medication management interventions aimed to assist clients include:
promoting health literacy and educate clients about medication management strategies
create strategies to integrate medication management into daily routines
support independence in medication management through the implementation of assistive technology and task modification
teach caregivers strategies and techniques to support participation in medication management
adapt the environment and advocate for modifications that fit the capabilities the client
American Occupational Therapy Association. (2017). Occupational therapy's role in medication management. Am J Occup Ther, 1-20.