The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) is a model used by occupational therapists to help guide occupational therapy practice. It provides a framework for therapists when work working with clients to explain occupation. More specifically, the MOHO is used as a guide to collect and understand clinical information and supports decision making surrounding interventions. The MOHO comprises three components, which are 1) volition, 2) habituation, and 3) performance capacity.
1) Volition refers to occupational motivation and includes three factors, including personal causation, values, and interests. These three factors are interrelated and help formulate our thoughts, feelings and decisions about occupational engagement.
2) Through habituation, people learn to behave automatically depending on their physical, social and cultural environments. Habits are acquired from previous tendencies and are performed with relatively the same consistency across time.
3) Performance capacity refers to the skills and abilities that underlie occupational performance. Performance involves a complex interplay of physical, cognitive and mental domains.
The MOHO theorizes that all three components (volition, habituation, performance capacity) work differently but complementary and must work together for people to function in the course of daily life. The MOHO is intended to be used with clients across the life span experiencing problems with occupational performance.
For more information about the MOHO, please read the following article.
Reference: Kielhofner, G., & Burke, J. P. (1980). A model of human occupation, part 1. Conceptual framework and content. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 34, 572-581.