Music Therapy is the use of music interventions within a therapeutic relationship to support health and well-being. According to the Canadian Association of Music Therapists, music is used to address health needs within the emotional, physical, social, cognitive and spiritual domains.
Koelsch (2009) claims that five factors of music contribute to its success in therapy:
1) Music can modulate our attention such that it can distract us from negative experiences such as feelings of anxiety or pain.
2) Music can alter our emotions and has been shown to positively affect regions of the brain that are responsible for initiating, maintaining and terminating emotions.
3) Music can impact cognition and memory, such as encoding, storage and retrieval of information.
4) Music can affect our behaviours and influence involvement in activities such as walking.
5) Music can help to enable clients to communicate and express themselves more freely.
Music therapists and occupational therapists often work in similar settings, such as hospitals, schools, mental health settings, nursing homes and long-term care facilities. Music therapists assess and evaluate clients' unique needs and develop appropriate treatment plans. They are members of a multi-disciplinary team, including occupational therapists, that strive to work with clients to achieve their goals.
For more information regarding music therapy, please visit the Canadian Association of Music Therapy at www.musictherapy.ca.
Canadian Association of Music Therapy. CAMT. https://www.musictherapy.ca/.
Koelsch, S. (2009). A Neuroscientific perspective on music therapy. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1169, 374 – 384. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04592.x