A goal of mental health recovery from a medical or biomedical model perspective attempts to address symptoms of illness using medicine-based treatments. This approach is reductionistic, meaning that noticeable progress in a person's health is reduced into measurable units observed and described. This model often views recovery as a linear process and may not address the needs of all individuals. What we do know, however, is that personal recovery has moments of progress but also setbacks, analogous to winding roads. Recovery is a personal experience that often looks and feels different from client to client. Recovery is a process of gaining control, empowerment, hope and self-determination regarding one's prognosis and future. It's a process of change through which people improve health and wellness and strive to reach their fullest potential.
In contrast to the medical model, a key part of a recovery model, such as The Mental Health Strategy for Canada, focuses on a person's identity developing a sense of self. This model incorporates four main principles of recovery-based practice, which are:
Hope: is a catalyst for change and helps people anticipate that something we want to happen can indeed happen.
Meaningful roles: gives purpose beyond a mental health diagnosis
Wellness: a state in which people can cope with everyday stressors living productive and fulfilling lives
Empowerment: the level of choice and control people seek over their lives
The overarching goal of The Mental Health Strategy for Canada "aims to help improve the mental health and well-being of all people living in Canada, and to create a mental health system that can truly meet the needs of people living with mental health problems and illnesses and their families" (MHSC, 2021).
Reference: Mental Health Strategy for Canada (MHSC) | Mental Health Commission of Canada. (2021) https://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/English/focus-areas/mental-health-strategy-canada.