The World Federation of Occupational Therapists defines occupations as "everyday activities that people do as individuals, in families and with communities to occupy time and bring meaning and purpose to life" (WFOT, 2021). Put merely, occupations are the things people want to, need to and are expected to do. According to the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapy, occupations are "groups of activities and tasks of everyday life, named, organized, and given value and meaning by individuals and a culture. Occupations include everything that people do to occupy themselves, including looking after themselves (self-care), enjoying life (leisure), and contributing to the social and economic fabric of their communities" (CAOT, 2008). Typically, occupations are grouped into three categories which are self-care, productivity and leisure. Self-care occupations may include toileting, dressing, bathing, and feeding. Productivity occupations may include school-related activities, paid work, household chores and volunteer work. Leisure occupations may include listening to music, hiking, gardening or watching television.
Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists. (2008). CAOT position statement: Occupations and health. Occupational Therapy Now, 11(1), 24-26.
World Federation of Occupational. "About Occupational Therapy." WFOT, 5 Jan. 2021, https://www.wfot.org/about/about-occupational-therapy.\