Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is characterized by patterns of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattentiveness. Symptoms often begin at a young age and may include disorganization, low concentration, and difficulty completing tasks. These symptoms affect a person's behaviours and impact their occupational performance or ability to perform daily activities and life roles. Some people with ADHD also have challenges associated with regulating behaviours and emotions to fit the situation's demands. Diagnosis and treatment of ADHD at a young age is essential so that symptoms are manageable ageing into adulthood. Assessment needs to be client-centred that examines the person, their environments and relevant occupations. Research suggests that a combination of treatments helps achieve the best outcomes. Medications, such as stimulants, are a primary treatment of ADHD and are helpful in approximately 70% of people. Psychoeducation, which refers to providing education for those with ADHD, and behavioural modification are often paired with medication use. Occupational therapists use interventions to help restore function and improve occupational performance. Interventions may include: behavioural programs such as the Alert Program, which can help children learn to monitor and maintain alertness levels appropriate to the situation environmental modifications to ensure a child's environment is supporting their success schedules and routines help to organize a child's day, which can support them do the things they need to do use of skill acquisition strategies such as the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) The Interactive Metronome, which is a program that uses a structured, goal-oriented process group therapy to support the development of social skills Reference: Crouch, Rosemary, and Vivyan Alers. Occupational Therapy in Psychiatry and Mental Health. John Wiley & Sons, 2014.